On the Reynolds number dependence of large-scale friction control in turbulent channel flow

September, the 22nd, 2016 at 11:30 in Sala Consiglio of the DAER, 2nd Floor, Building B12, Campus Bovisa

Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Aerospaziali
Via La Masa 34
20156 Milano

DAER Seminar


Jacopo Canton



The present work investigates the effectiveness of the control strategy introduced by Schoppa & Hussain [Phys Fluids 10:1049--1051 (1998)] as a function of the Reynolds number.

The skin-friction drag reduction method proposed by these authors, consisting of streamwise-invariant, counter-rotating vortices, was analysed by Canton et al. [Flow Turbul. Combust. doi:10.1007/s10494-016-9723-8 (2016)] in turbulent channel flows for friction Reynolds numbers (Ret) of 104 and 180.

Under these conditions the method proved to be successful and was capable of providing a drag reduction of up to 18%.

The objective of the present study is to analyse the effects of higher Reynolds number on this drag-reducing strategy.

Two new sets of Direct Numerical Simulations have been performed for Ret =360 and 550.

These simulations, along with the ones carried out for lower Ret, constitute an extensive database that allows an in-depth analysis of the method as a function of the control parameters (amplitude and wavelength) and the Reynolds number.

Results show that the effectiveness of the method is reduced as the Reynolds number increases above Ret =180 and no drag reduction can be achieved for Ret =550 for any combination of the parameters controlling the vortices.

An analysis of the effects of Ret on the mechanics of the control is presented as a function of both outer and inner (viscous) scaling.

Despite the negative outcome, the present results offer ideas upon which to improve the control strategy.

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