System identification for control and dynamical system analysis – wavepackets in turbulent jets as an example
July, the 18th, 2017 at 11:30 in Sala Consiglio of the DAER, 2nd Floor, Building B12, Campus Bovisa
Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Aerospaziali
Via La Masa 34
In this talk, we discuss the application of system identification in turbulent flows for control-oriented modelling and dynamical system analysis. We start by introducing the Nonlinear Auto-Regressive eXogenous with Moving averages (N-ArMaX), following the footsteps reported in Billings  and Guidorzi . A quick overview of the algorithms adopted for the model estimation is proposed.
The introduced concepts are discussed considering as an example the turbulent jets. Recent comparisons between theory, experimental measurements and numerical simulations confirmed that the average characteristics of the coherent structures in the near-field are well described by linear and nonlinear solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations. These solutions are commonly referred to as wavepackets and exhibit a remarkable spatio-temporal organisation, as shown by Breakey et al. . Starting from the latter contribution, we consider the pressure measurements associated to these structures, extracted along the streamwise direction from an experimental, iso-thermal jet issuing at Ma=0.6 and Reynolds number Re=5.7 x 105.
The measurements in time of the pressure fluctuations – referred as time-series – are used as inputs and outputs of the models identified by applying the N-ArMaX algorithm. In particular, we will attempt at clarifying the nature of the non-linearities appearing in the temporal behaviour using output-only surrogate models. Finally, we will analyse control-oriented input-output models and discuss the most appropriate strategies of control (Semeraro et al. ).
The main goal of the contribution is to assess the extent to which the computed models are appropriate for description of the temporal wavepacket dynamics and to provide a complementary perspective to the wavepacket modelling. In the remainder of the presentation, we will briefly comment on the current development of system identification within the broader field of machine learning.
 Billings, Nonlinear system identification: NArMaX methods in the time, frequency, and spatio- temporal domains, John Wiley & Sons, 2013
 Breakey et al., Near-field wavepackets and the far-field sound of a subsonic jet, 19th AIAA/CEAS, 2013
 Guidorzi, Multivariable system identification: from observations to models, Bononia University Press Bologna, 2003.
 Semeraro et al., Qualitative dynamics of wavepackets in turbulent jets, PRF under consideration, 2016
- 20170718_Semeraro_Locandina.pdf178 K